Returns true if the elements of the first collection are contained in the second one regardless of order, false otherwise.

Use IEnumerable.GroupBy() to create groups for each distinct value in each collection, IEnumerable.ToDictionary() to convert the result to a Dictionary.
Use IEnumerable.Distinct() to find the distinct values from the first collection and loop over them using a foreach loop.
Use Dictionary.ContainsKey() to check that each distinct value exists in the second collection and compare the count for each one.
Return false if any value is not found in the second collection or if any count in it is lower than in the first one, true otherwise.

代码实现

using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

public static partial class _30s 
{
  public static bool IsContainedIn<T>(IEnumerable<T> a, IEnumerable<T> b) 
  {
    Dictionary<T,int> dA = a.GroupBy(v => v).ToDictionary(v => v.Key, v => v.Count());
    Dictionary<T,int> dB = b.GroupBy(v => v).ToDictionary(v => v.Key, v => v.Count());
    foreach(T val in a.Distinct()) {
      if (!dB.ContainsKey(val)) return false;
      if (dA[val] > dB[val]) return false;
    }
    return true;
  }
}

使用样例

int[] a = {1, 4};
int[] b = {2, 4, 1};

_30s.IsContainedIn(a, b); // true